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Our history of information sharing is long; continued transparency is crucial to a progressive and equitable future



road new york

If we and our cars were both on Facebook, our relationship status would be “It’s complicated.” Like all relationships, it involves compromises and trade-offs. But we are still together—humans and automobiles—after more than 100 years. How did we do it?

To make this relationship last so long, we have shared a lot of personal information to gain more public safety and greater personal convenience on our roads. Looking back on how this happened can help us forecast what needs to come next. Can we continue this relationship based on sharing information for more safety and convenience as we share the road with connected and autonomous vehicles?
In the beginning

Beginning in 1901, New York State required vehicle license plates. Initially they were to be the owner’s initials and a number, homemade, and affixed to the rear of the vehicle. This original vanity plate did not last long. Owners did not always use their initials, or anyone’s. What the state expected to be personal information ended up being random information. In 1910, the state began manufacturing license plates for auto owners to place on their vehicles to eliminate any nonsense from owners trying to disguise their ownership. This formalized the exchange of personal information for the license plate and permission to use their vehicle on public roads.

Also in 1910, New York required chauffeurs to be licensed. Prior to then, they had to wear badges identifying themselves. That was not sufficient for the safety of their passengers and others. A more detailed system for greater accountability was developed for these professional drivers. They had to provide a lot of information about their appearance, and their photo had to be included on the license so their identities could be confirmed. This must have been received as a good idea, because beginning in 1917 vehicle operator licenses were required for all New York State drivers. No photo or descriptive information was then required for people driving themselves, just their name and address.

From then, another 17 years would pass until the state took the next obvious step to test drivers prior to issuing them a license to operate a passenger vehicle. This “intrusive” requirement began a practice continued today. Potential drivers must demonstrate a minimum level of competency before acquiring New York State’s permission to drive on public roads.

In New York State there were not many changes to passenger car driver licenses for a long time. Over the years, drivers provided only a little more identifying information about their height, eye color and need to wear glasses. In 1984, the state significantly increased its requirement for information on its driver’s license. It added a color photo and fraud protection features in the license itself. Both of these measures made the license more difficult to counterfeit. It provided more assurance that only documented and tested drivers were operating vehicles. It also supported the state’s increase in its alcoholic beverage drinking age to 21, which may have been a significant justification for the change.

Similar activities occurred at similar times in other states. They improved public safety on their roads each time vehicle owners and drivers provided more information about their vehicles, about themselves, and even about their skill to proficiently operate a motor vehicle. They had a basis to create and enforce standards about the safe operation of vehicles on public roads. The compliance of the vehicle owners and drivers demonstrates their investment in the evolving shared information system to manage the use of public roads. It also demonstrated that sharing this information was a reasonable intrusion for the resulting safety benefits.
More technology

In 1993 the Thruway Authority of New York State introduced E-ZPass. Drivers who joined shared their financial information in addition to their personal data to pay their tolls in advance for more convenience while driving. They did not have to worry about having cash or exact change while driving. A further advantage, the E-ZPass lanes had shorter lines than the cash paying lanes while adoption grew. In addition to drivers gaining greater convenience, authorized law enforcement agencies could access the system’s information as well. The toll tag allowed the E-ZPass system to log drivers’ locations with the time of day every time the tag was used. As a result, E-ZPass also increased public safety, as did the measures previously implemented.

For years, E-ZPass’ location-logging scared away many people who refused the convenience to maintain more privacy and avoid questions from nosy family members examining paper E-ZPass bills sent to their homes. That may be another reason why cash toll lanes had long lines for many years. That has been eliminated in New York State with the recently completed replacement of toll booths. License plate scanners at toll locations now capture personal and travel information even when cars do not have toll tags.

Credit cards were introduced in 2000 as a payment option in some New York City taxi cabs. Using credit cards in cabs also allows passengers to share their financial and personal information for greater convenience. Previously, passengers traveled anonymously by paying cash. (Those nosy family members would now have credit card bills to examine for travel information, too.)

The pace of change in the 21st century has moved more quickly than it had for most of the 20th century. In 2010 Uber launched in San Francisco. In 2011 Uber began operations in New York City. In 2013 the city officially recognized Uber, Lyft and other ride-hailing app services. Their use requires customers to share more personal information for greater convenience and safety.

In the ride-hailing app model, customers share their personal and financial info, and they also share their origin and destination info, to hire a car with their smartphones. They gain the convenience of quickly requesting a ride without planning and without having to attract the attention of taxi cabs that may pass by their location. Customers also receive increased safety and reliability.

Ride-hail app customers and the company know the driver in advance. This increases accountability and equity. It makes it less likely drivers will refuse to drive particular customers based on personally profiling them or their origins and destinations. The ride-hail app model also provides more safety for drivers. They have more information in advance, and they know who they are picking up. Whether customers have been exercising their over-21 party privileges, drivers only learn when they pick them up. The companies have rating systems for both sides so that drivers and passengers can avoid future problems. Ride-hail app customers and drivers have a surer and safer ride with the increased accountability offered by exchanging their identifying info in advance.
And next?

How will this look in the future? How will important information sharing to achieve more public safety be achieved in the anticipated future world of shared, autonomous vehicles?

We do not know exactly when the robot cars will arrive for retail purchase and public customer use, though those with vested interest wish to assure us it will only be a matter of a few years’ time. Yet, many well-regarded researchers, including those at the auto manufacturers, believe fully automated cars will not be ready soon, if ever. This makes the fully automated vehicle future uncertain.

We are pretty sure that except for the very wealthy, we will share and not personally own autonomous cars. We can reasonably predict that all of their onboard technology will make them rather expensive, putting their purchase out of reach for most people. They are likely to be owned mostly by for-hire vehicle fleets. We also can reasonably predict that the fleets will require that customers share all of the personal, financial, and travel information they have provided over the past 100 years to drive and own vehicles, in order to ride in for-hire vehicles. The automated vehicle fleet companies will not allow us to ride in their robot cars anonymously.

For over 100 years, we have sacrificed our privacy. We have made ourselves more transparent and even risked that our data might be used in unauthorized ways, all to improve safety and for our own convenience. How about the autonomous vehicles? What information should they share to make us safer? Should the autonomous vehicle companies share some of their data? Should they share their safety data to allow us to evaluate their readiness for operation on public roads?

So far, they have not shared much. There are many important questions that should be answered before welcoming them on public roads, such as:

How will we know that their robot cars operate safely among people-driven cars?
How will we know that their robot cars operate more safely than the people-driven cars, as they claim?
How will we know that their security systems will keep our data private and their systems safe from imposters and hackers?

We have learned a lot lately that many of our leading tech firms and financial companies have been hacked and have exposed our private data with little consequence. We also have learned that imposters have infiltrated these companies’ systems and may have influenced the last presidential election, also with little consequence. We also know that in the U.S. some of the same companies that want to put their driverless cars on our public roads have been recalling more vehicles each year than they have sold. Industry’s past record on security and vehicle safety has been, at best, mixed.

We need the autonomous vehicle companies to share information. We need them to share testing, performance and security information—now, not when they are good and ready. We need a large community of engineering, safety, and security experts to confirm the claims of the autonomous vehicle companies that their products are safe and secure, and that they are, in fact, doing what the companies are claiming they are able to do. That will allow us to confirm that our data sharing will be traded, as before, for increased safety as well as additional convenience.

Sharing for safety, that has been the deal for over a century. And the robot car companies need to get on board.


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FinCEN Director: Casinos Must Report Suspicious Transactions, Including Suspect Use of Cryptocurrencies




casino cripto

America’s federal financial crimes enforcement agency, FinCEN, has noticed “a gap” in the reporting of illicit use of cryptocurrencies at casinos and card clubs in recent years, the agency’s director told attendees at the 12th Annual Las Vegas Anti-Money Laundering Conference this week.

Director Kenneth A. Blanco also added that he is “concern(ed)…to hear about some compliance budgets being cut by casinos looking to trim costs and retain gamblers.”

He called proper financial monitoring in the US a matter of national security and said SARs (suspicious activity reports) figured into nearly 60% of FBI investigations and roughly 20% of anti-terrorism investigations.

Blanco said SAR (suspicious activity report) filings by casinos and card clubs have nonetheless been declining across the US for the past two years:

“We saw… a decrease of more than 9 percent in SARs filed between 2017 and 2018…From 2017 to 2018, the top five SAR filings by state were Nevada, Louisiana, California, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. While New Jersey experienced a 10% increase, possibly tied to Sports Betting, Nevada (-7%), Louisiana (-15%), and Pennsylvania (-15%) all experienced declines in overall filings, which is symptomatic of the decline in overall industry filings. Other large decreases came from Oklahoma (-51%), Washington (-46%), and Ohio (-45%).”

Cryptocurrencies are often used for online gambling, and there is much overlap between the crypto and gambling worlds. Virtual currencies can flow into casinos through online/mobile apps or at brick-and-mortar establishments.

Blanco said reporting of suspicious use of cryptocurrencies, in particular, needs to be more ‘robust’:

“While FinCEN has received some filings from casinos regarding cyber-enabled crimes, (virtual currency)-related SAR filings by casinos have not been as robust as expected since the May CVC guidance and advisory were published…Casinos should be filing SARs when they encounter suspicious CVC activity…”

He advised casinos to review guidance and advisory information regarding the processing of virtual currency transactions by FinCEN regulated industries, adding:

“FinCEN expects that your casino or card club is monitoring your sports betting programs for potentially suspicious activity. This includes offering sports betting through a mobile app.”

Monitoring of must be comprehensive and can be very technical when it involves cryptocurrencies said Blanco:

“You must establish and implement procedures for using all available information to detect and report suspicious transactions…(Y)ou need to ensure that this is accounted for in your policies, procedures, …internal controls… (and) risk assessments. You should also consider how you will review and conduct due diligence on transactions in (virtual currency). How will you conduct blockchain analytics to determine the source of the (virtual currency)? How will you incorporate (virtual currency)-related indicators into your SAR filings as appropriate?”

On-site compliance officers are expected to be intimately familiar with FinCEN requirements, he added:

“The advisory highlights prominent typologies, associated ‘red flags,’ and identifies information that would be most valuable to law enforcement if contained in suspicious activity reports…FinCEN issued FAQs in 2016 to assist financial institutions in reporting such cyber indicators and cyber-enabled financial crime…available on our website. This is an area you can expect your examiners to ask about.”

Blanco noted that, “Minimal Gaming with Large Transactions is the highest reported activity with more than 5,000 SARs reflecting this activity…(and that) Reports of Chip Walking have dramatically increased since this was added to the SAR form in the summer of 2018. Chip Walking is now the second most selected suspicious activity on the SAR form, with more than 4,400 reports being cited this year to date.”

Chip-walking is the process of buying volumes of gambling chips at a casino and then using them to pay employees working in an underground business such as a drug lab or marijuana operation.
Blanco said that information collected by casinos to protect their interests can be fed onto SAR filings, which in turn can be legally distributed to parent companies and affiliates within the US to reduce risk throughout the business.

“We know the kind of significant information that casinos are able to develop on gaming customers. This information is extraordinary and relevant, and is already used by casinos for a variety of marketing and other business purposes…This information can and should be used by your compliance personnel as they monitor customers for suspicious activity.”

The FinCEN director encouraged casinos to ensure that various departments: legal, compliance and IT, for instance, are sharing information and working in tandem to enhance compliance and risk management:

“Information developed by your security departments for combating and preventing fraud should also be shared with compliance personnel. The legal department should also alert the compliance department when a subpoena is received. A subpoena could trigger reviews of customer risk ratings and account activity.”

Blanco also said that quietude in enforcement doesn’t mean none is underway or pending:

“There is a misconception that just because FinCEN has not publicly issued an enforcement action against a casino or card club since last year that FinCEN is not looking at this financial sector. Let me assure you, this is not the case. FinCEN is continually looking at compliance across all financial institutions and will not hesitate to act when it identifies financial institutions that violate the BSA. It is also important to note that not all enforcement actions are public.”

Blanco ended by saying that casinos are legally obligated to assure the integrity of their monitoring and reporting systems:

“Remember that this is not just a best practice, but a requirement under the AML program rule for casinos and card clubs…To be clear—we take the culture of compliance seriously. This is a national security issue: not something to be taken lightly—and we will not take it lightly.”

He said, “BSA data also aids investigations tied to bulk cash smuggling, gang activity, significant fraud, transnational organized crime, bribery, health care fraud, corruption, embezzlement, kleptocracy, and third-party money laundering, among other crimes.”

He also noted that casinos and card clubs have a role in determining beneficial ownership information about potential shell companies:

“Its importance to our national security cannot be (over)stated…Criminals of all kinds, including terrorists, establish domestic shell companies to mask and further their criminal activity, to invest and buy assets with illicit proceeds, and to prevent law enforcement and others from efficiently and effectively investigating tips or leads, thus allowing these bad actors to hide from justice and continue their bad acts.”


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Seeking a cycle solution: Creating safe streets for all, beyond blaming the city and drivers




cycle road

During a summer home from college in 1999, I worked as a bike messenger in Midtown Manhattan. Back then, there were few of the trappings that New York cyclists enjoy today. Bike lanes were few and far between. Citi Bikes, protected lanes and greenways were fiction, and bicycle advocacy as a concept was basically non-existent.

There were 40 bicycle deaths in New York that year, a record, at least for that era. Towards the end of that summer, one of my coworkers got into an accident and bit off his tongue. A week later, another messenger reported back from visiting him in the hospital. “He’s doing better,” he said. “He can speak now.” Another messenger friend told me about a courier who had his ears ripped off from getting sandwiched between two buses.

Today, by comparison, New York is living in a golden age of bicycling. Thanks to infrastructure changes begun under Mayor Bloomberg, New Yorkers can enjoy riding on dedicated, separated bike lanes with physical barriers protecting them from cars, on many of Manhattan’s avenues. Citi Bikes are ubiquitous throughout much of the city, and standard bike lanes have been added to streets all over the five boroughs.

New Yorkers have embraced two-wheeled transit with an undeniable fervor. Average daily bike trips in the city have spiked more than 150% since 2006, from about 180,000 to about 460,000 today. This is a good thing, and considering how bicycle usage has surged, that bicycle deaths hit a record low last year at just 10 is even more remarkable. That should be a proud accomplishment for the city, the Vision Zero policy, and all New Yorkers.

However, the bicycle community is in crisis mode today. After 19 deaths so far this year (as of Aug. 15), it’s easy to understand why. Bicyclists remain at the mercy of cars and trucks on many New York streets, and more can be done to reduce both bicycle deaths, and overall traffic deaths, which include pedestrians, vehicle drivers and passengers, and motorcyclists as well as bicyclists. Total traffic deaths in New York City also hit a record low last year at 200.
While bicycle advocates are right to demand a more bike-friendly streetscape in many parts of the city, as well as more of the public awareness campaigns that have been a part of Vision Zero and greater enforcement of things like drivers’ running red lights, they have been absent in one key element of their movement.

That is that cyclists, by and large, have avoided taking responsibility for their own behavior on city streets, and prefer to see themselves as victims rather than willing participants in the elegant chaos that defines getting around in a tightly packed city of 8.5 million people. Cyclists can also be a big part of the problem, acting as a menace to both each other and pedestrians. On July 31, for instance, a cyclist hit a pedestrian, Michael Collopy, in Chelsea. He later died in Bellevue Hospital. The cyclist who hit him fled the scene and remains unidentified. Despite the tragedy and criminality of that event, it sparked little of the outrage or protests from the bike community that have popped up following bicycle fatalities this year. In a statement, Marco Conner, co-deputy director of Transportation Alternatives, a leading bicycle advocacy group, acknowledged that the incident was a tragedy and said that cyclists should always yield to pedestrians, but then shifted the blame for overall traffic deaths from bikes to motor vehicles, which may be true but seems to be missing the point — that pedestrians are often fearful and at the mercy of lawbreaking cyclists.

In an interview last month, on WNYC’s “The Brian Lehrer Show,” Conner made an even more bizarre statement, saying, “The behavior of cyclists, car drivers, truck drivers, pedestrians, in terms of not abiding by certain laws is about the same, but the responsibility you have wielding a multi ton car or truck is very different from walking, or from riding a bike.”
I’m not sure what city Conner lives in, but it doesn’t seem to be the same one I’m in. I regularly see bicyclists, whether it’s everyday commuters or delivery people, riding the wrong way down the street or riding on the sidewalk, both of which creates a menace for pedestrians and drivers. When is the last time you saw a car driving down the sidewalk?

Plenty of challenges still remain in making New York more bike-friendly, including bike lanes being routinely blocked by double-parked cars and trucks, but bike advocates would be wise to own up to their own role in the city’s transit ecosystem and take a more holistic approach that includes themselves as part of the solution, rather than simply demonizing cars and City Hall.

Here are five ways the bike community can help ensure that New York is as bike friendly and as safe for bicyclists as possible.
1. Follow the rules

This may be common sense, but as they say, common sense isn’t always so common. Plenty of cyclists don’t respect the traffic laws — I’ll cop to having been one of them — especially when it comes to running red lights, riding the wrong way down one way streets, or riding on the sidewalk.

I get it. Part of the joy of riding is the freedom of it, and red lights are a bummer when you just want to cruise. But creating a more bike-friendly and bike-forward city requires buy-in from all New Yorkers, including those who would never dream of getting around on two wheels. The sidewalk is meant to be a safe space for pedestrians, and many of them, including the elderly, the disabled, and those pushing a wheelchair or a stroller, can’t easily avoid a cyclist coming directly at them on a narrow piece of pavement. Act accordingly.
Cyclists need to show those citizens the same respect that they’re asking for. Don’t be a scofflaw. Follow the rules.

2. Share the road

Cars, bikes and pedestrians are natural antagonists out on the road. Like a transportation version of rock, paper, scissors, they all have their own pros and cons, and they don’t mix well together. Cyclists fear getting mowed over by a car or truck. Pedestrians don’t want to get hit by an errant bicycle flying through a red light or a car, and drivers, of course, are wary of hitting anyone or causing an accident.
Pedestrians and bicyclists are especially vulnerable to the faster, heavier equipment out there. I get it. But everyone has responsibilities.

Cyclists can make everyone’s lives and commutes easier by making predictable moves out on the road. Ride in the bike lane if one’s available. Use hand signals to let drivers know when you’re turning, and don’t weave in and out of traffic just to get somewhere a little faster or because it’s thrilling to do so. If you want to avoid a collision, start by doing the basics to lower the risk of one.

There will always be some tension between cars, bikes and pedestrians out on New York streets as each constituency has a different set of interests and space on the roads is scarce. There’s a natural give-and-take, but simply being courteous can make sharing the road easier and more pleasant for everyone.
The challenges of balancing these different modes of transportation is being tested in a new way now that cars are effectively banned on 14th St. (with exceptions for pick-ups and drop-offs). It’s a worthy experiment that will help inform the future of NYC transit and street design, but it’s already become a contentious issue with New Yorkers lined up on both sides of the debate.

3. Get the proper equipment

It’s a nightmare riding around New York at night these days. Some cyclists use no lights or reflective gear whatsoever, putting them in danger of a collision with a car or another bike and putting pedestrians at risk as well. Other cyclists choose to strap high-wattage flood lights to the fronts of their bikes, momentarily blinding riders coming the other way.
There’s a middle ground here. Let’s mandate and standardize bike lights for all riders. Advocacy groups like Transportation Alternatives and the city can work together on a standard so riders can be as safe as possible at night, and keep each other out of harm’s way.

At the same time, nothing lowers the chances of an accident being fatal or serious more than wearing a helmet. Mandate helmets for all riders. Citi Bikes can add lockboxes to bikes so helmets can be stored inside of them when the bikes are not in use. This is what Revel, the shared moped company that just launched in Brooklyn and Queens, is doing.

Similarly, the city should consider a bike registration for all bikes and cyclists to help give it valuable data on bicycling and to deter bike thefts.
4. Embrace e-bikes

Mayor de Blasio’s distaste for battery-powered bicycles has been a misstep, and Hizzoner would be wise to reverse course.

E-bikes are a fast-evolving technology that have the power to make cycling much more accessible than it currently is with pedal bikes. Not only can New Yorkers who may not be in good enough physical shape to ride a pedal bike around the city benefit from e-bikes, but they’re also a way to eliminate, or at least mitigate, every summer cyclist’s scourge — showing up at work or at the bar looking like a sweat rag thanks to 90-degree temps and oppressive humidity.
The city has tools it could use to encourage the adoption of e-bikes, and by doing so help hasten the transition away from cars to bikes by offering tax credits to purchase them, similar to what the federal government does with electrical vehicles. It could also build out a network of charging stations so e-bike riders can be assured they won’t be stranded.

In order achieve the sea change in New York transit they envision, bike advocates to build a critical mass of cyclists. Embracing e-bikes is the best way to do so.

5. Make peace with drivers
One common thread in bike advocacy in cities across the country is hatred of cars. Chants of “ban cars” are found everywhere online and off, and cycling advocates seem to view transit as a zero-sum game. The fewer cars there are the more bikes, they seem to believe, and the less space there is for cars, the more there is for bikes. That’s not really true though, and it’s a terrible strategy for achieving their desired state of a bike nirvana.

Cyclists need to accept that millions of New Yorkers rely on cars, private or hired, every day. These include, but aren’t limited to, the elderly, disabled, sick and injured, pregnant women, and families with babies or small children. Plenty of hardworking New Yorkers need their own vehicle to get to or do their jobs, and everyday New Yorkers also count on cars when they’re in a rush to get somewhere, going somewhere inaccessible by public transit, or hauling something too big to carry on a bike or the subway. Even the most ardent cyclist isn’t about to jump on their fixie to get to JFK with a rollerboard bag on their back. That just ain’t happening.

Similarly, trucks are here to stay too. You know all those stores lined up and down New York streets that sell stuff. They need trucks to bring them their merchandise. That’s just the way it works. If you can think of a better way to do it, then go ahead and share it because you’re probably sitting on a billion-dollar idea. E-commerce and the explosive growth of Amazon has only increased demand for truck delivery.
New York has come a long way over the last generation to make the city welcoming to bikes and cycling, but there is still much work to be done. Bike advocates can help themselves by committing to the above guidelines, and accepting their role in making New York streets as safe as possible and available to all forms of transportation as well as the people who depend on them.

By including themselves as part of the solution rather than simply pointing the finger at drivers and the city itself, cyclists and their advocates can help New York become the biking utopia that so many of us want it to be.


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Teen Choice Awards 2019: Complete Winner List




Choice Comedy Movie

WINNER: Crazy Rich Asians
Instant Family
Isn’t It Romantic
Pokémon Detective Pikachu
The Perfect Date


Choice Comedy Movie Actor

Henry Golding – Crazy Rich Asians
Kevin Hart – Night School
Liam Hemsworth – Isn’t It Romantic
Mark Wahlberg – Instant Family
WINNER: Noah Centineo – The Perfect Date
Ryan Reynolds – Pokémon Detective Pikachu


Choice Comedy Movie Actress

Awkwafina – Crazy Rich Asians
Constance Wu – Crazy Rich Asians
WINNER: Laura Marano – The Perfect Date
Marsai Martin – Little
Rebel Wilson – Isn’t It Romantic
Tiffany Haddish – Night School


Choice Movie Villain

Johnny Depp – Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald
WINNER: Josh Brolin – Avengers: Endgame
Jude Law – Captain Marvel
Mark Strong – Shazam!
Marwan Kenzari – Aladdin
Patrick Wilson – Aquaman


Choice Action Movie

Ant-Man and the Wasp
WINNER: Avengers: Endgame
Captain Marvel
Men in Black: International
Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse


Choice Action Movie Actor

Chris Evans – Avengers: Endgame
Chris Hemsworth – Avengers: Endgame, Men in Black: International
John Cena – Bumblebee
Paul Rudd – Ant-Man and the Wasp, Avengers: Endgame
WINNER: Robert Downey Jr. – Avengers: Endgame
Samuel L. Jackson – Captain Marvel

Choice Action Movie Actress

Brie Larson, “Captain Marvel”, “Avengers: Endgame”
Evangeline Lilly, “Ant-Man and the Wasp”
Hailee Steinfeld, “Bumblebee”
WINNER: Scarlett Johansson, “Avengers: Endgame”
Tessa Thompson, “Men in Black: International”
Zoe Saldana, “Avengers: Endgame”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy Movie

WINNER: “Aladdin”
“Dark Phoenix”
“Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald”
“Mary Poppins Returns”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy Movie Actor

James McAvoy, “Dark Phoenix”
Jason Momoa, “Aquaman”
Lin-Manuel Miranda, “Mary Poppins Returns”
Mena Massoud, “Aladdin”
WINNER: Will Smith, “Aladdin”
Zachary Levi, “Shazam!”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy Movie Actress

Amber Heard, “Aquaman”
Emily Blunt, “Mary Poppins Returns”
Katherine Waterston, “Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald”
Keira Knightley, “The Nutcracker and the Four Realms”
WINNER: Naomi Scott, “Aladdin”
Sophie Turner, “Dark Phoenix”


Choice Drama Movie

WINNER: “After”
“Bohemian Rhapsody”
“Five Feet Apart”
“The Hate U Give”
“To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before”


Choice Comedy Movie

WINNER: ”Crazy Rich Asians”
”Instant Family”
”Isn’t It Romantic”
”Pokémon Detective Pikachu”
”The Perfect Date”


Choice Comedy Movie Actor

Henry Golding, ”Crazy Rich Asians”
Kevin Hart, ”Night School”
Liam Hemsworth, ”Isn’t It Romantic”
Mark Wahlberg, ”Instant Family”
WINNER: Noah Centineo, ”The Perfect Date”
Ryan Reynolds, ”Pokémon Detective Pikachu”


Choice Comedy Movie Actress

Awkwafina, ”Crazy Rich Asians”
Constance Wu, ”Crazy Rich Asians”
WINNER: Laura Marano, ”The Perfect Date
Marsai Martin, ”Little”
Rebel Wilson, ”Isn’t It Romantic”
Tiffany Haddish, ”Night School”


Choice Movie Villain

Johnny Depp, ”Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald”
WINNER: Josh Brolin, ”Avengers: Endgame”
Jude Law, ”Captain Marvel”
Mark Strong, ”Shazam!”
Marwan Kenzari, ”Aladdin”
Patrick Wilson, ”Aquaman”


Choice Summer Movie

”Late Night”
”Murder Mystery”
WINNER: ”Spider-Man: Far From Home
”The Last Summer”
”Toy Story 4”


Choice Summer Movie Actor

KJ Apa, ”The Last Summer”
Corey Fogelmanis, ”Ma”
WINNER: Tom Holland, ”Spider-Man: Far From Home”
Charles Melton, ”The Sun Is Also a Star”
Himesh Patel, ”Yesterday”
Adam Sandler, ”Murder Mystery”


Choice Summer Movie Actress

Jennifer Aniston, ”Murder Mystery”
Selena Gomez, ”The Dead Don’t Die”
WINNER: Zendaya – ”Spider-Man: Far From Home”
Mindy Kaling, ”Late Night”
Maia Mitchell, ”The Last Summer”
Yara Shahidi, ”The Sun Is Also a Star”



Choice Drama TV Show
”Good Trouble
”Marvel’s Runaways
”Pretty Little Liars: The Perfectionists
WINNER: ”Riverdale”
”The Resident”


Choice Drama TV Actor

Adam Huber, ”Dynasty”
WINNER: Cole Sprouse, ”Riverdale”
Justin Hartley, ”This Is Us”
K.J. Apa, ”Riverdale”
Oliver Stark, ”9-1-1”
Sterling K. Brown, ”This Is Us”


Choice Drama TV Actress

Camila Mendes, ”Riverdale”
Cierra Ramirez, ”Good Trouble”
WINNER: Lili Reinhart, ”Riverdale”
Maia Mitchell, ”Good Trouble”
Ryan Destiny, ”Star”
Sofia Carson, ”Pretty Little Liars: The Perfectionists”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy TV Show

”Chilling Adventures of Sabrina”
WINNER: ”Shadowhunters”
”The 100”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy TV Actor

Aubrey Joseph, ”Marvel’s Cloak & Dagger”
Bob Morley, ”The 100”
Dominic Sherwood, ”Shadowhunters”
Harry Shum Jr., ”Shadowhunters”
WINNER: Jared Padalecki, ”Supernatural”
Ross Lynch, ”Chilling Adventures of Sabrina”


Choice Sci-Fi/Fantasy TV Actress

Danielle Rose Russell, ”Legacies”
Ellen Page, ”The Umbrella Academy”
WINNER: Katherine McNamara, ”Shadowhunters”
Kiernan Shipka, ”Chilling Adventures of Sabrina”
Melonie Diaz, ”Charmed”
Olivia Holt, ”Marvel’s Cloak & Dagger”


Choice Action TV Show

”DC’s Legends of Tomorrow”
WINNER: ”MacGyver”
”The Flash”


Choice Action TV Actor

Ben McKenzie, ”Gotham”
Brandon Routh, ”DC’s Legends of Tomorrow”
Brenton Thwaites, ”Titans”
Grant Gustin, ”The Flash”
Lucas Till, ”MacGyver”
WINNER: Stephen Amell, ”Arrow”


Choice Action TV Actress

Candice Patton, ”The Flash”
Danielle Panabaker, ”The Flash”
Emily Bett Rickards, ”Arrow”
WINNER: Gabrielle Union, ”L.A.’s Finest”
Jessica Alba, ”L.A.’s Finest”
Melissa Benoist, ”Supergirl”


Choice Comedy TV Show

”Brooklyn Nine-Nine”
”Fuller House”
”Jane the Virgin”
”One Day at a Time”
WINNER: ”The Big Bang Theory”


Choice Comedy TV Actor

Andy Samberg, ”Brooklyn Nine-Nine”
Anthony Anderson, ”black-ish”
Daniel Radcliffe, ”Miracle Workers”
WINNER: Jaime Camil, ”Jane the Virgin”
Jim Parsons, ”The Big Bang Theory”
Marcel Ruiz, ”One Day at a Time”


Choice Comedy TV Actress

Candace Cameron Bure, ”Fuller House”
Gina Rodriguez, ”Jane the Virgin”
Kaley Cuoco, ”The Big Bang Theory”
WINNER: Nina Dobrev, ”Fam”
Sarah Hyland, ”Modern Family”
Yara Shahidi, ”black-ish”


Choice TV Villain

Adam Scott, ”The Good Place”
WINNER: Cameron Monaghan, ”Gotham”
Jon Cryer, ”Supergirl”
Luke Baines, ”Shadowhunters”
Sarah Carter, ”The Flash”
Sea Shimooka, ”Arrow”


Choice Reality TV Show

WINNER: ”America’s Got Talent”
”Keeping Up with the Kardashians”
”Lip Sync Battle”
”Queer Eye”
”The Masked Singer”
”The Voice”


Choice Throwback TV Show

”All That”
”Beverly Hills, 90210”
WINNER: ”Friends”
”The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air”
”The Office”



Choice Male Artist
Ed Sheeran
Lil Nas X
Post Malone
WINNER: Shawn Mendes


Choice Female Artist

Ariana Grande
WINNER: Billie Eilish
Cardi B
Lauren Jauregui
Taylor Swift


Choice Music Group

5 Seconds of Summer
Jonas Brothers
Panic! At the Disco
The Chainsmokers
WINNER: Why Don’t We

Choice Country Artist

Brett Young
WINNER: Dan + Shay
Kacey Musgraves
Kane Brown
Kelsea Ballerini
Thomas Rhett


Choice Latin Artist

Bad Bunny
Becky G.
Daddy Yankee
J Balvin


Choice R&B/Hip-Hop Artist

Nicki Minaj
Post Malone
Travis Scott


Choice Rock Artist

Cage the Elephant
Imagine Dragons
WINNER: Panic! At the Disco
twenty one pilots


Choice Song: Female Artist

Ariana Grande, ”7 rings”
Billie Eilish, ”bad guy”
WINNER: Lauren Jauregui, ”Expectations”
Taylor Swift (feat. Brendon Urie of Panic! At the Disco), ”ME!”
Katy Perry, ”Never Really Over”
Halsey, ”Nightmare”


Choice Song: Male Artist

Khalid, ”Better”
Shawn Mendes, ”If I Can’t Have You”
Lil Nas X, ”Old Town Road”
Travis Scott, ”SICKO MODE”
WINNER: Louis Tomlinson, ”Two of Us”
Post Malone, ”Wow”


Choice Song: Group

Imagine Dragons, ”Bad Liar”
WINNER: Blackpink, ”DDU-DU DDU-DU”
5 Seconds of Summer, ”Easier”
Panic! At the Disco, ”Hey Look Ma, I Made It”
Jonas Brothers, ”Sucker”
Why Don’t We, ”8 Letters”


Choice Pop Song

Sam Smith & Normani, ”Dancing With a Stranger”
Ed Sheeran & Justin Bieber, ”I Don’t Care”
Taylor Swift (feat. Brendon Urie of Panic! At the Disco), ”ME!”
Jonas Brothers, ”Sucker”
Ava Max, ”Sweet but Psycho”
WINNER: Ariana Grande, ”thank u, next”


Choice Country Song

Maren Morris, ”Girl”
Kane Brown, ”Good as You”
Thomas Rhett, ”Look What God Gave Her”
Kelsea Ballerini, ”Miss Me More”
Kacey Musgraves, ”Rainbow”
WINNER: Dan + Shay, ”Speechless”


Choice Electronic/Dance Song

Zedd & Katy Perry, ”365”
The Chainsmokers & Bebe Rexha, ”Call You Mine”
WINNER: Ellie Goulding, Diplo, & Red Velvet, ”Close to Me (Red Velvet Remix)”
Mark Ronson (feat. Camila Cabello), ”Find U Again”
Marshmello & Bastille, ”Happier”
The Chainsmokers & 5 Seconds of Summer, ”Who Do You Love”


Choice Latin Song

Ozuna, Daddy Yankee & J Balvin (feat. Farruko, Anuel AA) [Remix], ”Baila Baila Baila” ROSALÍA, J Balvin & El Guincho, ”Con Altura”
Daddy Yankee & Katy Perry, ”Con Calma (feat. Snow)”
Bad Bunny (feat. Drake), ”MIA”
WINNER: CNCO, ”Pretend”
Nicky Jam & Ozuna, ”Te Robaré”


Choice R&B/Hip-Hop Song

Meek Mill (feat. Drake), ”Going Bad”
WINNER: Lil Nas X (feat. Billy Ray Cyrus), ”Old Town Road” [Remix]
Mustard & Migos, ”Pure Water”
Post Malone & Swae Lee, ”Sunflower” (”Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse”)
Khalid, ”Talk”
Post Malone, ”Wow”


Choice Rock Song

AJR, ”100 Bad Days”
WINNER: Panic! At the Disco, ”Hey Look Ma, I Made It”
Bastille, ”Joy”
Imagine Dragons, ”Natural”
Cage the Elephan, ”Ready to Let Go”
lovelytheband, ”These Are My Friends”


Choice Breakout Artist

WINNER: Billie Eilish
Juice WRLD
Lil Nas X


Choice International Artist

Little Mix
NCT 127


Choice Collaboration

WINNER: BTS (feat. Halsey), ”Boy With Luv”
Sam Smith & Normani, ”Dancing With a Stranger”
Ed Sheeran & Justin Bieber, ”I Don’t Care”
Lil Nas X (feat. Billy Ray Cyrus), ”Old Town Road” [Remix] Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper, ”Shallow”
Julia Michaels (feat. Niall Horan), ”What a Time”


Choice Ship

Katherine McNamara & Dominic Sherwood, ”Shadowhunters”
Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper, ”A Star Is Born”
Lana Condor & Noah Centineo, ”To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before”
Laura Marano & Noah Centineo, ”The Perfect Date”
WINNER: Lili Reinhart & Cole Sprouse, ”Riverdale”
Madelaine Petsch & Vanessa Morgan, ”Riverdale”


Choice Comedian

Ellen DeGeneres
WINNER: Ethan & Grayson Dolan
James Corden
Kevin Hart
Lilly Singh
Tiffany Haddish


Choice Male Athlete

AJ Styles
James Harden
Lionel Messi
Patrick Mahomes
WINNER: Stephen Curry
Tiger Woods


Choice Female Athlete

Katelyn Ohashi
WINNER: Serena Williams
Simone Biles
Sky Brown
The Bella Twins
Tobin Heath

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