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World Turtle Day: How turtles are different from tortoises and other facts



world turtle day

World Turtle Day 2019: Turtles have survived the dinosaurs; we must make sure they can survive the humans too!

By Arefa Tehsin

Why do we need a World Turtle Day?
Don’t we all love turtles and tortoises? From the slow tortoise who won the race with the hare to the giant turtle who is supposed to carry the world on his back, these beloved reptiles have been a part of our lives. There are no vertebrates in the world as endangered as turtles. The sea turtle moms come on the beaches and lay their eggs. But there is only one in a thousand chance that an egg will survive to adulthood. In 1983, all the eggs laid by the leatherback turtles on the coast of Thailand were poached by humans! We are destroying their living space, dumping our garbage (every minute we dump one truck full of plastic in oceans!) in their homes, killing them for making delicacies and medicines and making ornaments out of their shells. Many turtles get caught in our fishing nets and die. This day is a reminder that we need to do our bit to conserve the habitats of these wonderful creatures…and be their friends.

How many sea turtles die every day?
Sea turtles are magnificent animals. The leatherback turtle, for example, is a giant of the seas. It is the fourth heaviest reptile on earth weighing around 600 kg and growing up to 6.5 feet long! They are carefree gypsies of the sea, travelling no less than 6000 miles each year between their breeding and their feeding grounds. Researchers estimate that around 1,000 sea turtles die every year. But the actual deaths can be much, much more than that. More than 60 per cent of the turtle species are under threat of being wiped out from the face of earth. The single biggest factor for that is human activity.

What would happen if sea turtles go extinct?
Turtles have been around for an impressive 220 million years! They have been an integral part of the ecology of plant earth, some of them doing trans-Pacific and trans-Atlantic journeys, moving between oceans and beaches and distributing energy between different ecosystems. If turtles vanish, not only will our ecosystems be poorer, they would be smellier too! Many turtles are great scavengers and clear dead fish from our water bodies. They survived the dinosaurs; we must make sure that they survive the humans too!

What are 5 differences between a turtle and a tortoise?
The turtle is an aquatic animal and the tortoise is a land animal.
Turtles have webbed feet and tortoises’ feet are round and stumpy (like tiny elephant feet), suitable for walking on land and burrowing.
Tortoises are largely vegetarians while turtles are generally omnivores.
Tortoises usually have dome-shaped shells whereas those of the turtles are flat and streamlined.
The shell of tortoises is harder and heavier compared to turtles.
And yes, the small turtles that live in brackish and fresh waters are called terrapins!
Can a tortoise swim?
No, tortoises are terrible swimmers.

Is it possible to tell turtles and tortoises apart and how?
It is quite easy to tell them apart just by looking at their limbs from a distance. Turtles have webbed feet and tortoises have firm, rounded feet.

Which lives longer — turtles or tortoises?
While the sea turtles can live up to 80 years, giant land tortoises are believed to live more than 200 years! Tortoises are considered the longest living land animals.

Which should I/my child get as a pet? Which is easier to care for?
It is illegal in India to keep the native species tortoises or turtles as pets (e.g. the star tortoise). It is not good to keep the exotic ones as it encourages their demand from the wild.


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Do turtles or tortoises respond to their names?
The hearing power of turtles and tortoises is quite limited and them responding to their names is unlikely.

Where are turtles and tortoises found, respectively? Where are they found in India?
Turtles and tortoises are distributed widely all over the world, except Antarctica. There are four species of sea turtles that inhabit the Indian seas, around 24 species of freshwater turtles and four kinds of tortoises found in India. The Northeast of India is considered the freshwater turtle and tortoise hotspot.

What do turtles and tortoises eat?
Most tortoises are vegetarians and like munching on flowers, leafy greens and grasses, though some may have an occasional snack of a beetle or a worm. The baby turtles are mostly carnivores. They generally grow up to be omnivores and depending on their species (and size) eat what they get in their habitats — algae, snakes, frogs, clams, fish, mollusks, plants, insects and even other turtles! Some turtles grow up to be purely carnivorous and others to be plant eaters who prefer aquatic grasses and algae. And leatherback turtles love their jellyfish meals!


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A look back at the Stonewall uprising, a milestone for gay rights




stonewall uprising

Mark Segal has no trouble recalling the early hours of June 28, 1969 — when the first in a series of violent protests by members of New York’s gay community erupted outside the now-legendary Stonewall Inn.

In the wee hours of that Saturday, a hot night in Manhattan, a group of lesbians, drag queens, transgender people and young, gay men including Segal decided to stand up to police abuse.

They cornered a group of officers who had earlier raided the Stonewall Inn, a seedy, popular gay bar in Greenwich Village — the second such raid that week alone.

“It was the first time our community imprisoned the police, who had always imprisoned us before,” Segal told AFP, looking back on what would become a seminal event in the gay rights movement.

Segal was only 18 at the time, and had come to New York from Philadelphia just over a month earlier. He said he can still remember the “pure joy” of that night.

“The passion was so overwhelming,” he said, adding that of course, no one then understood the historic significance of what was unfolding.


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All the Free & Cheap Food You Can Get for the First Day of Summer




ice cream

The first day of summer always causes double takes. There are a lot of ways we unofficially mark the start of summer. If you’re a student or parent, the end of the school year is probably considered the start of summer. If you just live for excuses to be outside, Memorial Day might be your unofficial start of summer. But the true first day of summer doesn’t come until June 21.

But it’s here. No matter how you mark the season, summer is here. To mark the occasion, restaurants across the country are offering free and cheap food. A lot of it is seasonally appropriate — ice cream and smoothies — and some of it is just good food, which doesn’t necessarily need to wait for the season to be right. Take a look below to find the best deals for the first day of summer from Dairy Queen, Potbelly Sandwich Shop, Pizza, and many others.

Free Food for the First Day of Summer
Dairy Queen
The deal: Download the DQ mobile app for a nice way to welcome the summer season. You can get a free regular or dipped cone with any purchase.
When: June 21

Jamba Juice
The deal: Swing into Jamba for a free small smoothie anytime from 2-5pm.
When: June 21, 2-5pm

Wayback Burgers
The deal: Wayback is trotting out its annual Free Shake Day. When you stop by, you’ll get a free Black & White Milkshake at participating locations. No purchase is necessary.
When: June 21

The deal: Use the Wendy’s app to get a free Berry Burst Chicken Salad with any purchase.
When: June 21 – July 14

Potbelly Sandwich Shop
The deal: Buy a sandwich, salad or Pick-Your-Pair item and you’ll get one for free.
When: June 20-21

Boston Market
The deal: Boston Market is feeling cocky about its new lunch sandwich options. In fact, they’ll let you turn in the lunch you brought to work and get one of their sandwiches for free today.
When: June 21, 11am-2pm

Smoothie King
The deal: Buy a smoothie on the first day of summer (which is also National Smoothie Day) and use your Healthy Rewards app to get a free smoothie loaded onto your account. The freebie can be redeemed anytime from June 22 to June 27.
When: June 21

The deal: B.Good Rewards members will get set up with a free smoothie when they purchase any breakfast entrée.
When: June 18-23

Food Deals for the First Day of Summer
Néktar Juice Bar
The deal: Grab a superfood smoothie for just $5 anytime on National Smoothie Day.
When: June 21

The deal: Instacart has a couple of deals on sweets. Order through Instacart, and you can get $1.50 off three pints of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream. Or you can get the same off two pints of select Talenti ice cream.
When: Valid until June 30

Pizza Hut
The deal: Get a large pizza for $5.99 in a new flash sale from Pizza Hut.
When: June 17-23

Blaze Pizza
The deal: Place an order of $10 or more through Postmates and you’ll get it delivered for free. Also, every order will come with two free Dough Knots. You don’t have to hit the order minimum to get some free knots.
When: June 19-23

Local Food Deals for the First Day of Summer
City Mouse at the Ace Hotel – Chicago, Illinois
The deal: The restaurant’s usually happy hour will run from open to close to help you maximize what is (hopefully) the day with the most sunlight this year. Drop in for a $4 Kolsch, $7 daiquiri, or $2 cheeseburger quesadillas.
When: June 21

Other Deals Available on the First Day of Summer

Olive Garden
The deal: The restaurant has brought back its buy-one-take-one offer. Buy an entrée that starts at $12.99 and you’ll get an entrée to take home for free. The take-home options include Fettuccine Alfredo, Spaghetti with Meat Sauce, Five Cheese Ziti al Forno, and Cheese Ravioli.
When: Through July 29

The deal: Order McDelivery through Uber Eats and you’ll get free delivery by using the code “MCDS0DF.”
When: June 17-23

The deal: Swing by to grab a 32-ounce cup of Legendary Ice Tea for a buck. They’ll be celebrating National Iced Tea for quite a while at Bojangles.
When: June 10 – late July

Burger King
The deal: The King is offering a few Whopper meal options. Get a $4 Whopper Jr. meal, a $5 Whopper meal, or a $6 Double Whopper meal. The meal comes with a drink and your choice of fries or onion rings.
When: Ongoing

Stop and Shop
The deal: A five-pack of mini eclairs is just $1.99 at all locations today.
When: June 22


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Avengers: Endgame headed back to theaters with new footage




avengers: endgame

Avengers: Endgame is heading back to theaters. In an interview with CNET sister site out Wednesday, Marvel Studios President Kevin Feige said the re-released movie would also include new footage.

“I don’t know if it’s been announced. And I don’t know how much … Yeah, we’re doing it next weekend,” Feige said.

In a separate interview with Screen Rant, Feige said it won’t be an extended cut, but rather “if you stay and watch the movie, after the credits, there’ll be a deleted scene, a little tribute, and a few surprises.”

That tribute will be to late Marvel legend Stan Lee.

“The Avengers assemble once more in order to undo Thanos’ actions and restore order to the universe, reads a new listing from theater chain Cinemark. “Includes seven minutes of bonus content and Stan Lee tribute.”

Marvel didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

Avengers: Endgame, which came out in April, broke box office records and became the No. 2 movie of all time in the US in terms of ticket sales. As of June, it’s earned more than $831 million domestically and more than $2.7 billion worldwide. That last figure puts Endgame shy of Avatar’s record of about $2.8 billion worldwide. This re-release could help Endgame close the gap.

The movie followed 2018’s Avengers: Infinity War and largely wrapped up the last decade or so of Marvel Cinematic Universe movies.

The re-release comes a few weeks before Marvel’s next entry, Spider-Man: Far From Home.


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